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CKD Stages

There are 5 stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) indicates a person's stage of chronic kidney disease. Determining the stage of kidney disease is the first step toward creating a plan of care.

No matter which stage of chronic kidney disease you are suffering from, here you can learn about the full knowledge of your condition, and we hope your condition could be managed more reasonably and effectively from now on.

Chronic kidney disease occurs when kidneys lose their ability to work properly, sometimes due to chronic high blood pressure, uncontrolled diabetes, genetic disease or other reasons. There are 5 stages of chronic kidney disease, as shown in the chart below.

Stage
GFR*
Creatinine
Description
Treatment
1
90+
<1.6mg/dl
<133umol/L
Normal kidney function but urine findings or structural abnormalities or genetic trait point to kidney disease Observation, control of blood pressure. More on management of Stages 1 and 2 CKD.
2
60-89
1.6~2.0mg/dl
133~177umol/L
Mildly reduced kidney function, and other findings (as for stage 1) point to kidney disease Observation, control of blood pressure and risk factors. More on management of Stages 1 and 2 CKD.
3
30-59
2.1~5.0mg/dl
186~442umol/L
Moderately reduced kidney function Observation, control of blood pressure and risk factors. More on management of Stage 3 CKD.
4
15-29
5.1~7.9mg/dl
451~707umol/L
Severely reduced kidney function Planning for endstage renal failure. More on management of Stages 4 CKD.
5
<15 or on dialysis
>8.0mg/dl
>707umol/L
Very severe, or endstage kidney failure (sometimes call established renal failure) Treatment choices. More on management of Stages 5 CKD.

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